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- REVOLUTIONARY OIL RECOVERY TECHNOLOGY
- 92% AVERAGE GLOBAL OIL PRODUCTION INCREASES
- NO DRILLING, NO EXPLORATION, NO FRACKING
- PROVEN ON 48 OIL FIELDS ON FOUR CONTINENTS
- LOW COST, NO CAPITAL EXPENSE, BIODEGRADABLE

About Titan

“We believe there is no other enhanced oil recovery technology available anywhere in the world that can remotely compare to the Titan Process. It is probably the lowest cost producer of oil in the world even when compared to the famous Saudi legacy fields, it requires no capital expense, and it works within 10 days on single well applications. It is proven, effective and low cost onshore and offshore. It is biodegradable. The success rate on Injector wells is a remarkable 98%.

There is no doubt when this technology is widely adopted by the industry it could be heralded as one of the most important new energy technologies of the last 100 years.

Since 65% of the world’s oil is trapped in existing oil fields and cannot be produced, the Titan Process promises to allow the world to access a significant percent of this vital and valuable energy source. The ultimate value of the Titan Process in this regard is almost immeasurable.”

- Kenneth J. Gerbino, Founder and Chairman of the Board, Titan Oil Recovery

The Titan Process® is a new direction in enhanced oil recovery. It is a breakthrough in low cost, no capital required oil recovery. It is Organic Oil Recovery offering oil operators an advanced, state-of-the-art secondary and tertiary oil recovery technology. Combining petroleum engineering and breakthrough biotechnology, the Titan Process produces more oil, lowers lifting cost and allows the optimization of a field’s potential. The Titan Process provides field operators with an improved return-on-expenditure and an opportunity to certify additional reserves as a result of expanded field treatments.

65% of the world's oil is trapped in existing oil fields. The Titan Process with their micro-droplet technology can recover a substantial amount of the world's trapped oil.

Phase 1

Titan Process microbes surround an oil droplet, causing oil droplet to distort due to microbial action.

Oil Droplet Phase 1
Titan Process microbes surround an oil droplet, causing oil droplet to distort due to microbial action.

Phase 2

Smaller droplets are formed by the microbes and begin to separate.

Oil Droplet Phase 2
Smaller droplets are formed by the microbes and begin to separate.

Phase 3

Smaller droplets break away, able to flow through the pore spaces of the reservoir more easily and thereby more accessible to recover.

Oil Droplet Phase 3
Smaller droplets break away, able to flow through the pore spaces of the reservoir more easily and thereby more accessible to recover.

Applied through existing water-flood operations, Titan's new oil recovery process works entirely within the natural ecology of the oil reservoir by selectively stimulating particular species of the formation's resident microbes with custom-formulated, biodegradable and organic nutrients. The targeted microbes proliferate as a result of these specialized nutrients and then interact with immobile, trapped oil, affecting the surface tension and reducing the globules to unique microscopic droplets – micro droplets.
These micro droplets alter the interfacial tension between oil and water to allow oil to flow more freely through the reservoir to the producing wells. The photos above depict microbial activity and the formation of a smaller droplet from a larger oil droplet. The new smaller droplet will also be deformed into smaller droplets as well. This simple change in the oil reservoir is a major and unprecedented breakthrough in oil recovery technology!

Who we are?

The people involved with Titan are visionaries and world class oil professionals who have taken the challenge to introduce an entirely new and outside the box technology to an industry that historically adopts very slow to new technology. These are people who understand oil and understand the significance of the Titan Process.

The following professionals are associated with Titan and Titan’s two “sister companies” as Board members, Advisory Board members or Country Representatives for Titan Oil Recovery:

  • Brian Marcotte – Former President of three major production countries for Unocal before it’s buy out by Chevron. Retired CEO of Titan and Board member.
  • Dr Alan Heeger - Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. Advisory Board Titan.
  • Ron Harrell – Former CEO and Chairman of Ryder Scott, considered the top Oil Engineering and Consulting firm in the world; Senior Adviser to Carlyle Group and Morgan Stanley Energy Partners. Board of Director of Petro Life Energy, (Titan “sister” company).
  • Scot Evans – Currently Vice President of Halliburton’s Integrated Asset Management. Titan Board member.
  • Saad Turaiki – Ex-Chief Petroleum Engineer overseeing the management of all oil and gas fields in Saudi Aramco. Ex-Vice President managing all oil fields in Southern Region responsible for 6-7 million bbls of production per day. At one time responsible for 8% of the world’s oil supply. Retired from Aramco and representing Titan with the Midad Group in the Mideast.
  • Bill Daily – Ex VP of Atlantic Richfield (world’s 7th largest oil company before being bought out by BP). Board of Directors of Petro Life Energy (Titan “sister” company).
  • Gary Awad – Ex VP of Unocal. Board of Directors Petro Life Energy, (Titan “sister company”).
  • Dr. Warren Kourt – Professor of Oil & Gas at Stanford University. Chairman of the Board of Advisors Petro Life Energy (Titan “sister” company).

  • Find out more about who we are by clicking the buttons below:


    Success

    The Titan Process has been applied to 48 commercial oil fields on four continents with a success rate of 94% and an average increase in production of 92% for over 300 well applications. Oil fields can be tested for a small expense. The Titan process has had successes both offshore and onshore.


    As a result of the Titan Process the following benefits have all been verified:

    Low Risk

    Significant Increase in Cash Flow.

    Field Life Increase

    Longer production profile.

    Reserves Improvement

    Oil Reserves increase.

    Field Rehabilitation

    Field Net Present Value Increases.

    Major Savings

    No Capital Expense needed.

    Production Increase

    Substantial Oil Production Increase.

    Back to Life

    Well Abandonments may be deferred.

    Effective Solutions

    Incremental Oil is recovered as low as $6 per barrel.

    Click here to see the outstanding production increases from the Titan Process on producer and injector wells on dozens of global oil fields.

    Review the four Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) papers written by three of Titan’s customer’s acknowledging the success of the Titan Process on their oil fields.

    Recognition

    "Titan's breakthrough technology works... I am impressed with the results... remarkable consistency."

    Dr. Alan Heeger, Nobel Laureate
    The company has had favorable industry and media coverage by The Society of Petroleum Engineers, Schlumberger’s Oil Field Review, New Energy and Fuel, E&P Magazine, Chemical Engineering News, American Gas & Oil Reporter, New Technology Magazine, Alberta Oil and others. Titan was also featured in James Sheng’s Enhanced Oil Recovery Field Case Studies Book.
    At one of the oil industry’s major conferences on new technology, The Rice Alliance 2012 Conference, Titan received the prestigious Most Promising New Technology Award. This recognition was voted by the gathering of more than 350 industry professionals and experts.

    RICE Alliance Award

    "Include powerful quote from the report."

    RICE Alliance Award
    Most Promising New Technology Award of 2012

    Read the articles published by the publications below:

    Oil Industry Basics

    Learn About The Basics

    Be Informed about oil production and oil fields in simple non-technical terms.

    Waterflooding: What is it?

    Find out why 50% of the world’s oil fields use waterflooding technology.

    Why The Titan Process Should Revolutionize Oil Recovery

    The Titan Process is biodegradable and learn why this semi-green technology works so well.

    Titan's Technology

    A New Direction in Microbially Enhanced Oil Recovery

    The Titan Process® injects nutrients into a reservoir and induces certain targeted microbes to become oleophilic [oil loving] and attach themselves to oil droplets. The microbes then dislodge and uniquely break down the trapped oil within the pore spaces into smaller droplets which can be recovered more efficiently. This oleophilic activity is an entirely new direction in the field of microbial enhanced oil recovery (MEOR). This process is simple, efficient, inexpensive and 100% environmentally friendly.

    The Titan Process uses indigenous microbes that have already adapted to their environment over millions of years. The Titan Process does not inject microbes into oil fields and only uses resident microbes. Problems and complex solutions to aid in the survival of injected microbes to deal with reservoir pressure, saline content and temperature are therefore not encountered.

    With the Titan Process microbes are able to multiply by thousands of times on specialized nutrients, and their small size helps them penetrate deep into the formation where they act to break up and mobilize previously trapped oil droplets, which have been left behind by both Secondary and Tertiary recovery methods because the oil droplets were 1) too large too pass through the pore throats (tiny openings in the sand/rock formation) of the reservoir, or 2) never contacted by the recovery method in the first place.

    Ultimate Reservoir Performance

    The Titan Process stimulates naturally occurring microbes within the oil reservoir in two ways, both of which increase oil production. First they dislodge and then uniquely break up droplets from the pore spaces within the rock matrix, which then become recoverable. Second, they also create a unique natural emulsion within high permeability thief zones (channels that divert water from pushing oil toward a production well). The emulsion blocks thief zones and allows for a more efficient waterflood.

    The process is all natural, no harsh chemicals are used and there are no adverse effects in the reservoir. A single well test can be easily implemented to gain important performance predictability for an entire field.

    Review the four Society of Petroleum Engineers (SPE) papers written by three of Titan’s customer’s acknowledging the success of the Titan Process on their oil fields.

    The Titan Process Pictorial

    The Titan Process boosts and enhances waterflood performance

    The Titan Process® is a dynamic, new and unique form of Microbial Enhanced Oil Recovery (MEOR). The Titan Process injects special nutrients into a reservoir which change the skin characteristics of the individual microbes living in the reservoir biofilm and induces the microbes to become oleophilic [oil-loving] and attach themselves to oil droplets. The microbes then dislodge and uniquely break down the trapped oil within the pore spaces into smaller droplets.

    These smaller droplets can now more easily pass through the pore spaces of the reservoir and become recoverable. A gentle emulsion is also formed by a unique combination of oil, water and energized microbes. This emulsion blocks thief zones, channeling and fingering, thereby allowing for greatly improved sweep efficiency and a substantial reduction to the water cut.

    1. Original Oil Field:
    Titan Process Slide 1
    Primary production is caused by internal reservoir pressures that have built up over millions of years. This pressure forces a flow of liquids towards the well bore which acts like a release valve. Years of oil production takes place and approximately 20% of the original oil in place is recovered.
    2. Oil Field After Several Years:
    Titan Process Slide 2
    The pressure of the reservoir abates and recovery now has to be aided by forcing water under very high pressure into the reservoir that will push oil towards the production well. This is called a “water flood” and is the most common secondary oil recovery method. The water, pushing through the porous carbonate or sandstone, recovers another 10-15% of the original oil in place.
    3. Before Drilling:
    Titan Process Slide 3
    Microscopic view of oil and sand compacted under pressure in the oil reservoir.
    4. After Primary Production:
    Titan Process Slide 4
    A great deal of oil still remains in the reservoir but is increasingly difficult to recover.
    5. Thief Zones and Falling Production:
    Titan Process Slide 5
    As the waterflood continues for some time, eventually the water finds the path of least resistance through the reservoir, and fissures (thief zones) open up in the oil-bearing rock. The majority of the injected water is then “short-circuited” directly to the production well without pushing much oil out of the rock. Oil production falls dramatically. It is at this time that many oil fields are shut down due to high operating costs and little return.
    6. Titan Process Nutrients Injected:
    Titan Process Slide 6
    Patented nutrients feed the trillions of existing microbes in the reservoir which multiply by 1000 times. These nutrients cause the microbes to seek out and attach themselves to trapped oil droplets, dislodging them from the rock and sand. Some of the oil, water and microbes join to form a natural thick, viscous emulsion which blocks off the thief zones. Water is then forced to travel through other untapped areas of the reservoir, thereby increasing oil production.
    7. Microscopic Thief Zones:
    Titan Process Slide 7
    The reservoir also contains minute microscopic thief zones. Water finds the path of least resistance within the sandstone and bypasses oil droplets trapped in the rock.
    8. Blocking Thief Zones:
    Titan Process Slide 8
    The Titan Process causes a viscous emulsion of oil, water and microbes to form (only in the thief zones), therefore blocking these tiny thief zones and forcing water into new areas of the reservoir, thus driving more oil to the well head.
    9. Before the Titan Process:
    Titan Process Slide 9
    Oil is trapped in porous sandstone. Water flows without dislodging oil droplets from tiny pore spaces in the rock.
    10. After the Titan Process:
    Titan Process Slide 10
    Titan nutrients create a new skin characteristic for the microbes, inducing them to seek out and surround oil droplets, causing the droplets to distort, break apart and dislodge from the microscopic pore spaces between the tiny sandstone and carbonate rock particles in the reservoir.

    Offshore

    Decommissioning can be postponed

    Global Offshore Oil Production Platforms face substantial annual production declines and many are scheduled to be decommissioned and will leave 50-70% of the original oil in place that cannot be recovered with conventional technology. There are thousands of offshore platforms throughout the world that could benefit from the Titan Process.














    Conventional EOR Problem

    Only 4% of offshore fields have Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) applications. Conventional EOR technologies offshore are cost and space prohibitive.

    Titan Process Solution

    Using the Titan Process a substantial amount of trapped oil that would normally be left behind can be recovered from offshore installations.

    A Global Opportunity

    Titan should have a large “distressed market” to market to offshore oil operators. Because of the nature of the technology an offshore platform can be tested inexpensively to allow for a high degree of confidence the Titan Process will work.

    Opportunity

    There are three ways oil field and investment professionals can benefit from an association with Titan:

    Oil Field Ownership

    Titan intends to buy oil properties for its own account and reap the rewards of increased production and the production of oil that was beforehand trapped in the reservoir. The economics of just a 30% increase in production for only the first two years allow for an internal rate of return of almost 100% because of the Titan Process.

    Titan welcomes financial partners and oil field owners who are facing end of life fields or fields that are becoming more expensive to operate profitably to contact us.

    Joint Venture

    Titan has designed a Joint Venture business model that would allow for debt lenders to receive interest, profit sharing and after the debt is repaid a continuous overriding royalty in the oil properties that the debt acquired.

    This is a unique business debt model for the oil industry. It is only available or even possible because of the upside potential from the low cost and high performance oil production increases from the Titan process.

    With a 30% increase in production for just the first two years the debt lender would receive between 5 -6 times more return that just the expected interest payments over a 5 year period. This model would allow the debt lender 100% collateral of the oil fields purchased until the loan is repaid. Please contact our company for further details.

    Service

    Titan Oil Recovery can service oil field properties for oil companies with the Titan Process anywhere in the world. Fields can be serviced offshore and onshore. We welcome customer inquiries. Please see our field questionnaire on this website. Titan will give you a free analysis of the field for its possible inclusion as a field the Titan Process would most likely have a positive outcome. Fields under water flood with API gravity of 16 and above, temperature below 200 degrees (F) and salinity below 10% would most likely be good candidates for the Titan Process.

    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

    Click on the questions below to see the answer.
    The Titan Process: In simple terms, what is it?
    The process is simply finding and identifying microbes that are living naturally in existing oil fields and “feeding” them a special group of nutrients that is specifically formulated for the field being treated—basically a specific nutrient “cocktail”. The process causes the microbes to rapidly multiply and increase their metabolism to stimulate the life cycle of the microbes by “amplifying” the natural process. As the life cycle accelerates, the microbe’s cell wall (skin) changes and the organisms change from being hydrophilic (water loving) to hydrophobic (disliking water). When this happens, the microbes move toward the oil and act at the interface between oil-water and oil-rock contact surfaces. The process then allows the formerly trapped oil to break down into unique micro-droplets of oil and to flow more freely as the apparent viscosity and mobility of the oil is improved within the reservoir rock formation. This is the primary oil release mechanism. A secondary potential benefit is the creation of a temporary emulsion (oil, water and microbes) through the agitation of the fluids as they flow through high velocity channels in the porous reservoir. The lightly emulsified fluids form a fluid system that forces the fluids to enter new flow channels, thereby displacing more oil from the reservoir.
    What is the source of the microbes?
    In many, many cases, oil reservoirs contain a multitude of naturally occurring microbes as part of a unique subterranean eco-system. The existence of such systems has been the target of much of Titan’s research for more than twenty-years. Titan does not grow or culture microbes to be injected from the surface into the reservoir. We only access microbes that have already adapted to the hostile, underground environment in a natural way. Titan has found oil reservoirs to be a rich biologic environment. Titan targets specific types and species of microbes that can be managed by various nutrient formulations. By managing the biology and ecology of the reservoir in a natural way, the flow characteristics of the otherwise “trapped oil” to allow it to flow more freely toward the producing oil wells. By preferentially treating water injection wells, a large part of the reservoir can be affected in a very positive way to enhance production an oil recovery.
    What is the “mechanism” to free the oil”?
    As the natural microbes attach to the “trapped” oil, the benefit is two-fold. First, the microbes attach to the oil and cause a deformation resulting in the oil being formed into smaller droplets to flow more freely through the reservoir fluid-flow paths. The analogy would be the ability of small glass marbles to flow more easily than very large diameter glass spheres. Secondly, the attached microbes concurrently act to reduce interfacial tension (the natural “frictional” flow resistance) between oil and water and (in some circumstances) between the oil and the rock surfaces. Both mechanisms release the oil and allow it to flow more easily as the apparent viscosity (“thickness”) and fluid mobility is positively affected. A third mechanism is the formation of temporary, non-dynamic emulsions to divert injected water to new flow paths to improve the sweep efficiency of the reservoir and produce additional oil resources.
    What is the magnitude of the oil production increase to be expected?
    The oil production increase is dependent on many variables including residual oil saturation, the effectiveness of the existing waterflood process, reservoir thickness, permeability variation, porosity, well spacing and the ability to contact oil and water with the Titan nutrients. In general, fields that have shown good response to waterflood are likely to benefit from the Titan Process. Titan treated reservoirs have shown sustained increases of production between 7% to 1000% and we have been successful in reestablishing production in wells that have been “shut-in” due to uneconomic production. Titan has experienced a project success rate of more than 84% in over 60 treatments since mid-2007.
    What will it cost?
    Depending on the characteristics of the oil field, the cost per incremental barrel produced should be less than $10 per barrel. Titan has various options for the fee structure ranging from “lump sum” per treatment to production benefit sharing or hybrids between the two. Most treatments to date have been lump sum payments per treatment. Initially, water cut generally decreases. Actual individual treatments, when priced on a lump sum basis, vary on the physical characteristic of the oil reservoir in terms of production rate, water injection rate, reservoir thickness and others. Treatments are adjusted by the evaluation of these parameters. Lump sum treatments have generally been in the range of $25,000 to $35,000 per treatment but the cost depends on the reservoir and the combination of water injection rate and reservoir volume. Individual treatment costs have been as high as $70,000. Incremental barrels are determined as the post-treatment actual production compared to an established base production forecast agreed between Titan and the field owner.
    Is there any change in oil quality?
    No. With the Titan Process, the oil quality does not change.
    When should the Titan Process be applied to a field?
    The earlier the Titan Process is applied to a field the greater the potential to mitigate production decline. This applies to wells in primary production or those into which water is injected (waterflooding). However, treating water injection wells is the most effective way of contacting a significant volume of the reservoir and, hence, having a greater impact on the microbial population in the oil reservoir. The Titan Process is not a process just for oil reservoirs nearing the end of their economic life. The earlier the Titan Process is applied the better as it will reduce water-breakthrough, improve the “health” of the reservoir by managing the ecology of the reservoir, improve the effectiveness of the waterflood and lead to a potentially longer life for the field. The optimum time is after the start of a waterflood project—once waterflood performance is defined—perhaps, one to two years after flood initiation. The reservoir management sequence should be: Primary, Waterflood and then Bioflood™ with the Titan Process® to manage the biology and ecology of the reservoir. Early application should optimize the economic advantages of the process when oil flow rates are higher.
    What is the procedure for applying the Titan Process?
    Titan has a five-step process as we review a field’s suitability and likelihood of success:

    1. Field screening based on historical and physical field characteristics.
    2. Fluid sampling of a representative well from the target field and detailed laboratory analysis (this step takes from 5-7 weeks).
    3. Treating a single producing well with an In-Situ Microbial Response Analysis (ISMRA™). This step is critical to the analysis and forward treatment program.
    4. Conducting a pilot program in one or more water injection wells to monitor the response on adjacent producing wells. Fluids from the production wells are then tested in Titan’s laboratory to document the microbial behavior.
    5. Expansion to a larger pilot or full field application depending on field size.
    Treatments are on a cyclical basis. The frequency is initially 8-12 weeks but is dependent on the characteristics of the field and the response in the producing wells affected by the water injection wells. Once the microbial ecology is established, the time between cyclic treatments increases depending on the results of laboratory fluid analysis. The Titan Process is not disruptive to normal field operations and does not require new or permanent facilities to be installed.
    What API gravity is most responsive to the Titan Process?
    We know the process has been very successful in reservoirs from the low twenties and above. We have documented successful treatments from 18ºAPI to 42ºAPI. To date, not enough work has been done in the field with lower API gravity oils to be absolutely definitive on the lower limit. Lower gravity crudes have generally been seen to have fewer communities of microbes available, possible due to geologic heating of the oil. However, some recent testing has given some indication of more active microbial communities in heavy oil reservoirs. Only laboratory analysis can determine if the appropriate microbes are present in sufficient numbers. Titan continues to push the limits of API gravity. In some reservoirs, we have found unexpected microbes to be present due to natural adaptation.
    Up to what temperature is the Titan Process effective?
    The microbes that the Titan Process uses are already surviving in the conditions of the oil reservoir. There is no need for the microbes to adapt to the reservoir conditions since the microbes are not transported from the surface to the reservoir as with other past microbial processes. That being said, microbes cannot generally survive extremely high temperatures. Titan has had successful treatments at 190° F (88°C). At present, this temperature is considered to be at the high-end of the temperature range, but laboratory analysis provides the only definitive answer. Since there is a relationship between reservoir depth and temperature, the current upper limits would indicate a current qualitative treatment depth limitation of between 6500 ft and 7000 ft. This is a fertile ground for extending the treatment limits since nature has a knack for species adaptation in extreme environments. For Titan, laboratory analysis is the key.
    Are there pressure limitations for the Titan Process?
    As with temperature, the Titan Process uses microbes that are already adapted to both pressure and temperature. Tests on reservoir microbes have been carried out at 400 atmospheres (5880 pounds per square inch).
    What about salt? Will the Titan Process still work in a saline reservoir?
    Salt can be a problem in the same way that very high temperature can be a problem. We have found that very high salt concentrations tend to decrease the population and concentrations of microbes, but this can only be determined by laboratory analysis. Within a wide sampling of global reservoirs, salt tends not to be a major problem. We generally work with reservoirs where salt concentrations are less than 70,000 ppm chlorides. A very large portion of oil reservoirs is in this range. Microbes are sensitive to very high salt concentrations and deviations from neutral acidity/alkalinity. Very acid environments (less than a pH of 4.0) or high alkalinity (greater than a pH of 10.0) are also detrimental to the viability of microbe communities. Titan has successfully treated a reservoir at 94,000 ppm chlorides. pH is potentially a problem if the Titan Process was to follow either CO2 injection or after an alkaline surfactant flood process.
    How many more microbes do I get in my reservoir with the Titan Process?
    The Titan Process creates a very large number of microbes over a short period of time—several orders of magnitude. When fed the specifically formulated Titan nutrients, the microbes rapidly multiply in number while the food supply lasts. Then as the microbes proceed through their life cycle, their membrane surface is transformed to produce the changes in the oil and water interfacial tension benefits and the corresponding improvement in flow characteristics.
    Do the microbes all cling together to form a big glob?
    No. The nature of their skin keeps them apart and keeps the newly formed oil droplets from re-coalescing into larger droplets. This allows the improved flow character to be maintained.
    Does the Titan Process change the microscopic water-oil interface within the pore space?
    Yes. You may have seen a drop of water falling on a powdery surface. The water contact becomes coated with the particles and the drop maintains its shape. Microbes cover the surface of oil in the reservoir in much the same way. The microbes change the surface area at the interface and reduce the interfacial tension between oil and water.
    Will the process create a sour well by generating H2S (hydrogen sulfide gas)?
    Reservoir souring is very unlikely. The Titan nutrients are aimed at specific beneficial microbes and not sulfate reducing bacteria (SRB) which are often the source cause of hydrogen sulfide gas (sour gas). Because the beneficial microbes alter the habitat to suit themselves and not the SRBs, the SRB activity is reduced. The result is that the reservoir in the treatment area may even become “sweeter” as the SRBs are crowded out. SRBs have been characterized as the “vultures of the microbial world”. Stimulated beneficial microbes simply overpower the SRBs. Very large sour reservoirs have significant volumes of hydrogen sulfide already in-place. Very sour wells may present a treating problem but the Titan Process will not aggravate the problem.
    Will biocides in use in field operations prevent the Titan Process from working?
    Near wellbore biocide treatments will not have a significant effect on treatment. Large scale or continuous biocide treatments would need to be evaluated and the effect would be dependent on the type and concentration of the biocide. The process has been used effectively where field biocides have been used on a periodic basis. Titan’s technical and scientific team will review the use of biocides as a part of the pretreatment analysis.
    Does the Titan Process produce any acid gases?
    No. Gas is not a product of the Titan Process—unlike some other microbial processes. Can the Titan Process be used on both waterflood and natural water-drive reservoirs? Yes, as long as we can cause the microbes in the reservoir to be contacted by the nutrient mixture, the effect will be positive. Waterflood operations are the easiest method to introduce the nutrients to the reservoir. The Titan Process nutrients are simply added into the injection water stream. To do this, no capital equipment is needed and the Titan Process gets to work right away. In a natural water drive, the benefit will be dependent on the movement and flow of the natural drive (generally from aquifer behavior). It may be possible to introduce the nutrients through a “watered-out” producer, but additional (or new) pumping equipment may be required. Natural water drives have not been tested sufficiently to make a definitive statement, but there is certainly promise for a successful treatment.
    What happens to the total fluid production and water cut as a result of the Titan Process?
    The water cut often decreases as a result of increased oil production and redistribution of injected water to un-swept portions of the reservoir. Typical performance on a producing well may result in an increase in water cut for the first 10 days to three weeks following treatment followed by a “step-change” in oil production. Water injection treatments behave differently as the microbes free trapped oil and push it toward the adjacent producing wells. As the freed oil moves toward the producers, the producing wells will show a decrease in water cut with an associated increase in oil production. The timing is dependent on the “transit time” between injectors and producers. We have seen this time-lag generally take from two weeks to six months, but this is entirely dependent on reservoir flow characteristics and volumetrics.
    Will the process disrupt the production processing facilities?
    No. Field operators have not noted any treating or processing difficulties following treatment by the Titan Process. We rarely see any emulsion at the treating facilities and, if such an emulsion should occur, it breaks quickly with normal residence time and heat. However, this has not been noted as a problem in Titan’s treatment history.

    Contact

    We would like to hear from you. Please let us know if you have any comments or questions about Titan or the Titan Process.
    Corporate Office
    9595 Wilshire Boulevard
    Suite 303
    Beverly Hills, CA
    90212
    USA

    Lab Office
    3670 West Temple Ave.
    Suite 240
    Pomona, CA
    91768-2587
    USA
    USA - Corporate
    Tel: (310) 281-0015
    Fax: (310) 550-0814

    International
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